If we see in the past, English scientist Roger Bacon got a remedy for people whose eyesight was no longer as sharp as in the past they had. Bacon explained they could read small words by looking through the piece of glass “designed like the lesser segment of a sphere, using the convex (round) side towards the eye.”
Now come to 21st century. Glasses, contacts, and also eye surgical treatment to fix vision or replace infected parts of the eye are very common. Also some types of blindness could be corrected these days due to medical advancements in eye care.
Even though you’re fortunate enough to have excellent 20/20 vision, caring for your eyes and protecting them against injuries or infections are essential parts of maintaining your peepers best.
One of the better actions you can take for your baby blues (or shades of green, or browns, or hazels, or what ever eyes color you have) is to make them checked from your doctor any time you have a physical check-up. If you are having problems seeing or in case your eyes are already hurting or bothering you, tell your parents so that you could be able to have your eyes checked out by an eye medical specialist.
An ophthalmologist is a medical professional that specializes in examining, diagnosing, and the treatment of eyes and eye conditions. An optometrist is not a medical doctor, however has been trained to identify and deal with many of the similar eye conditions as ophthalmologists (apart from treatments with regards to surgical treatment).
It’s wise to have your eyes examined at least each 2 years or more often in case you have a family history of eye conditions like glaucoma or early cataracts.
What are the Common Eyesight Problems:
Maybe you have pondered whether there is any reality in many of the stuff you might have been told about how to treat your eyes? As an example, you might have been warned that sitting very close to the television or computer can damage your vision. But that isn’t true. In addition, you may have heard that using a night-light (rather than bright light) to study can cause nearsightedness, however there isn’t any clear medical or scientific evidence to support that. You are able to strain your eyes when no enough light while you study, but it really will not ruin your eyesight.
So exactly what is the reason for many common eyesight issues? Frequently, eye size and shape. A person with excellent 20/20 vision has eyes which are basically rounded just like a baseball. Someone that needs corrective contact lenses to see generally has eyes which are shaped differently.
Myopia: or nearsightedness, is one particular problem that teens have with the eyes. Whenever a teen has myopia, she or he is not able to focus correctly on things from a distant. Individuals with myopia have eyes which are little much longer than normal, measuring through the front of the eyeball to the backside. This additional length implies that light focuses ahead of the retina (the part of the eye which gets pictures and delivers these to the mind) rather than on it, which impacts eyesight. Eye glasses or contacts can simply correct this issue.
Hyperopia: or farsightedness, is also a eyesight problem. Individuals with hyperopia have problems focusing on close things due to the fact their eyes are too “short” from frontside to backside. That individuals with hyperopia, lighting focuses behind the retina rather than on it, leading to blurry vision. Somebody with substantial farsightedness will require glasses to adjust his / her vision. But here is an appealing fact: Many infants are born farsighted! Their eyeballs became longer with there age, and many of those are grown out of this condition.
One more condition in which the eye is shaped in a different way is astigmatism. The cornea isn’t completely round. In order to see well – possibly close up or far – the individual needs lenses or glasses.
Once people reach Eighteen and the eyes are completely grown and fewer likely to change, many people decide to have refractive surgical treatment to fix myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism so that they don’t have to put on contacts or glasses any more. Refractive surgical treatment is a procedure – generally done with a laser – which reshapes the eye to improve the way light gets into it and forms an image, enabling someone to see better.
How to Dealing With Common Eyesight Problems and Injuries:
The most effective general guideline for when to visit an eye specialist in case you injure your eye is “when in doubt, check it out!”
1. If you’ve a red eye, ache in an eye that does not go away in a short time, or anytime have had changes in your eyesight, then it’s time for you to have your eyes examined.
2. In case you get any small foreign objects in the eye, like sand or sawdust or metal shavings, avoid rubing your eye. Flush your eyes for a few minutes with lukewarm water (it might be easiest to get this done in the shower with slower flow). If it still seems as though there is something in the eye, in that case you should see an eye specialist at the earliest.
3. Whenever you’ve been hit in the eye and it also looks unusual or looks to be bleeding, or in case you have changes in or lose your vision, go to the hospital emergency division immediately to be checked.
Probably the most common eye injuries for teenagers is a scratched cornea, which can be often associated with wearing lenses or taking part in sports. With a scratched cornea, it might feel as if something is in the eye while there is really nothing at all. Your eye could get red and inflammed, produce a lot of tears, and become very sensitive to lighting.
If you feel you have any type of eye injury and you also wear lenses, stop putting on your contacts unless you see an eye specialist. Putting on lenses for those who have an eye injury might damage your eye more or result in an infection to develop. No need to worry – if the cornea is scratched, it generally will recover quickly and could require 7 days or two of medicated eye drops and not using your contacts. You could hate using your old eyeglasses, but it’s only for some time – and it also beats once and for all harming your eyes!
How to Take Care of Your Eyes:
Just like you use a seatbelt to protect your self when you are in a car, it’s a wise decision to protect your eyes before anything happens to them.
Using sun glasses is at the top of the list of methods to care for your eyesight. Ultraviolet light leads to long lasting harm to the inner structures in the eyes, so put on a pair of sun glasses for Protection from uv rays when you’re under the sun. It will help prevent conditions connected to UV exposure, like cataracts as well as macular degeneration:
A cataract is also an eye condition in which the lens in the eye gets clouded, impairing eyesight.
Macular deterioration is an eye condition in which the macula (a structure in the eye that enables you to see) slowly deteriorates, resulting in lowered eyesight or blindness. (Want another reason to not smoke? Smoking cigarettes puts a person at greater risk for developing macular deterioration.)
Additionally you can take care of your eyes by wearing protective eyewear when you take part in sports activities like racquetball or when you are doing assignments in shop class and also in the science laboratory. It takes only a second for some thing to hit an unprotected eye and cause critical damage. And avoid getting close to fireworks which could explode and injure your eyes. Why take risks with your eyesight?
Although steering clear of fireworks most likely seems like an assured way to protect your eyes, you possibly will not think of protecting them in your home. Yet some thing you might do daily – looking at your computer screen for an extended time – may strain your vision. That is because many people blink about Ten-times each minute. And when you stare, your blink rate may go down to twice or thrice for each minute. A very important thing that you can do is to blink more! This also helps to change your focus frequently. Look at anything over the room for a couple of moments after which you can get back to looking at your computer screen.
If the eyes feel dry and annoyed by using the computer, use artificial tears. Avoid using products which eliminate the red from your eyes, because they could contain a chemical substance that removes redness temporarily but in fact tends to make your eyes look worse later on.
You need to take special care of the eyes for those who have a medical condition just like diabetic or juvenile arthritis rheumatoid because that put you in an increased risk of developing severe eye disease. For those who have any medical condition that may affect the eyes they should see medical doctor at least one time in a year . Based on your situation, your doctor can check your eyes as often as each 3 months.
Avoiding Eye Infections:
You may also protect your eyes by preventing infections which could harm them. Conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye, is surely an eye infection which can be the result of a virus, bacterias, an allergic attack, a chemical, or an irritant (something which gets in the eye).
Conjunctivitis caused by bacteria and viruses can easily pass from person to person. When you shake hands with somebody who has a bad cold plus pinkeye, for example, you can spread the bacterial infection to your own eyes by touching then with your hands.
To prevent spreading the germs that may cause eye infection:
Don’t share your eye drops with someone else.
Avoid touching the tip of a bottle of eye drops with hands or eyes because that may contaminate it with bacterias and germs.
Avoid putting lenses in your mouth to wet them. Several viruses and bacteria – possibly even the virus that triggers cold sores — can be found in your mouth and can easily pass on to your eyes.
Wash the hands regularly!
Spectacles and Contacts:
If you want glasses/contacts, follow a few techniques for the best outcomes. Whenever you pick out eyeglasses, keep in mind as a general rule that small frames will most likely suit you much better. The bigger the frame, a lot more distortion you will have, and you will be unable to see as well.
When you get contact lenses, comply with your doctor’s orders exactly with regards to cleaning them, how many hrs you may properly use them, then when you need to replace them. If you do not, you can develop severe infections or ulcers in your eye which are unpleasant, hard to treat, and could need months of medication and even surgical treatment.
Vision and eyes are some thing no one would like to be without. To help keep them working for you for many years in the future, keep them safe now and take as best care of them as you can.